1950s to 1990s


This timeline contains modern-day news reports to review the developments regarding the following international made agreements

  • 1953 AFP - Atom For Peace program
  • 1970 NPT - Non-Proliferation Treaty to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology
  • 1996 CTBT - Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty is a multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear explosions, for both civilian and military purposes, in all environments

News reports may either look identical, similar or the same but are written in the views and/or policies the agencies and other sources may have. Therefore:

The views as expressed in the content of each of the news reports are solely those of the news agencies, broadcasters and any other media outlet. GLOSM.ORG is not responsible for the way events has been processed into interpretation to meet any editor's policy which is often the cause of biased reporting.


1993 Netanyahu in 1993: Iran will have bomb by 1999
[Israeli source] -- The prime minister has been warning for over 20 years that Tehran is close to achieving its pursuit of nuclear weapons.
Sep 30, 1987 Norway files formal request inspection, Israelis refuse Israelis have refused to allow IAEA inspection on heavy water they bought from Norway while the selling was on this condition.
Apr 1987 Israelis just do not "trust" IAEA Israelis say that they do not trust trust the IAEA to be objective (...)
Feb 1987 After 24 years, Norway ask Israelis to let heavy water inspected Norway have asked the Israelis to let the IAEA inspect heavy water Norway sold under conditions. Last and only inspection was in 1961, two years after Dimona was started to run.
Oct 12, 1986 Former head  nuclear watchdog admits French involvement in Dimona Francis Perrin, high commissioner of the French atomic energy agency from 1951 to 1970, so admitted in an interview published on October 12, 1986, in the Sunday Times of London.: “We considered we could give the secrets to Israel provided they kept it to themselves.” He confirmed the construction of the reactor and the extraction plant, and the cooperation on weapons design.
Sep 1986 Israeli arms technician reveals  Dimona secrets Mordechai Vanunu, an Israeli arms technician who worked at Dimona for 8 years, details the Israeli nuclear production techniques to the Sunday Times, providing almost 60 color photographs of what he said was Israel’s underground bomb factory and convincing weapons experts on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean that he was telling the truth
1986 Nuclear whistleblower faces fresh charges, 30 years on Mordechai Vanunu came to Britain in 1986 to tell the Sunday Times the story of the nuclear weapons facility at Dimona in the Negev desert in southern Israel.
Jul 30, 1985 Israelis have nuclear weapons NBC telecast of “Nightly News” reports that Israel possesses at least 100 nuclear weapons.
May 1, 1985 Israelis deploy nuke war headed Jericho's Israel had deployed Jericho II missiles, with a range of 400 miles, carrying nuclear warheads.
May 1985 US business man accused of nuclear smuggling flees country A Los Angeles businessman, Richard Smyth, was indicted for smuggling to Israel 810 high-speed electronic switches, called krytons, which are used as nuclear weapon detonators. Smyth vanished a week before he was to appear for trial.
June 7, 1981 Insight: Has Iran ended Israel's Begin Doctrine? Menachem Begin did not pull his punches. In 1981, as work neared completion on an Iraqi nuclear reactor that Israel believed would produce plutonium for warheads, the Israeli prime minister dispatched eight F-16 bombers to destroy the plant.
June 7, 1981 Begin acknowledge Iraq airstrike [Israeli source] -- Eight F-16s destroyed Saddam Hussein’s Osirak nuclear reactor in Baghdad. Less than a day later, the government of prime minister Menachem Begin acknowledged that the Israel Air Force was behind the attack, acting on the imperative to prevent an enemy state from obtaining nuclear weapons.
June 1980 Dayan admits capacity to produce nuclear weapons Former Defense Minister and Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan told the New York Times, “We do have the capacity to produce nuclear weapons, and if the Arabs are willing to introduce nuclear weapons into the Middle East, then Israel should not be too late in having nuclear weapons, too.”
1980s Israelis making nuclear bomb for 20 years Israel has been making plutonium with Norwegian heavy water for more than 20 years and, according to recent evidence, putting the plutonium into bombs
1979 Declassified documents indicate Israel and South Africa conducted nuclear test in 1979 [Israeli source] -- Begin gave him an evasive answer, claiming that Israel was not helping South Africa develop nuclear weapons. But Begin never quite answered whether Israel ...
1979 Did Israel Play a Role in 1979 South Africa Nuclear Test? [Israeli source] -- South Africa turned to Israel after West froze nuclear ties in 1976 over development of military program.
Feb 1976 CIA: Dimona used to produce nuclear bombs CIA Deputy Director for Science and Technology Carl Duckett told the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in a briefing that Israel was making bombs from Dimona’s plutonium.
Sep 4, 1974 CIA memorandum

In a September 4, 1974, CIA memorandum, Prospects for Further Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the agency concluded, “We believe that Israel already has produced nuclear weapons.

1974 Israeli president admits nuclear development nuclear potential  then Israeli President Ephraim Katzir said that “it has always been our intention to develop a nuclear potential…. We now have that potential.”
1973 ‘Dayan pushed PM Meir to consider using nuclear weapons in 1973 war’ [Israeli source] -- Former government aide says the defense minister (Moshe Dayan), badly shaken on day two of the Arab-Israeli war, suggested the ultimate option… and Meir told him to ‘forget it’
  Israelis had plan to use nuclear bombs During the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, Israel reportedly assembled 13 bombs and readied them for use
1973 When Israel Stepped Back From the Brink
Israel's nuclear arsenal, which first came into being on the eve of the 1967 war, had by 1973 grown to 10 or 20 atomic weapons.
1970s UN watchdog fails to monitor virtually for 17 years IAEA officials admit that the IAEA did virtually no inspection of heavy water until the late 1970s
1968 Israelis have already nuclear weapons CIA Deputy Director for Science and Technology Carl Duckett told the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in a briefing that Israel had produced bombs. French sources, including Perrin, also have reported that Israel has built bombs.
1968 The Plumbat Affair Besides the Israelis, Black September, European Commission, countries that were involved in this smuggling case of yellow cake are: Belgium, France, Germany, Liberia, Morocco, Norway, Panama
1967 How the Fear of Israeli Nukes Helped Seal the Egypt Peace Deal The study, written by Fuad Jabber and published by the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies under the title “Israel and Nuclear Weapons,” ...
1967 Israel 'planned to detonate nuclear bomb in Egypt if it risked losing Six Day War' Israel had a “doomsday” plan to detonate a nuclear bomb in Egypt’s Sinai desert if they felt they were in danger of losing the Six Day War in 1967, according to a report in the New York Times.
1967 'Last Secret' of 1967 War: Israel's Doomsday Plan for Nuclear Display pay wall
Dec 1966   Israelis put their first  nuclear weapon operational
1963 54-year-old Israeli nuclear reactor a safety risk The Dimona reactor, which began its life in 1963, is one of Israel’s most closely guarded secret installations.
1963-1966 The Yellowcake Connection Secret documents show that Canadian intelligence discovered that Israel purchased yellow cake from Argentines
  Heavy Water Cheaters Winter 1987-1988, p. 100-119
1962 Declassified documents

How the Israelis Hoodwinked JFK on Going Nuclear

The CIA judgment was straightforward and unequivocal: Israel was placing .... (under the terms of Atoms for Peace program) he arranged to take them for ... According to a memorandum written in late 1962 by Rodger Davies, ...
1962 Declassified documents

How Israel Misled the US About Its Nuclear Program

[Israeli source] -- Cohen and Burr call that meeting a “nuclear conference” – Israel's nuclear ... prime minister as saying Israel had no intention to develop nuclear weapons for the ...
1961 Norway inspects Dimona Norway have asked the IAEA for the first and only time to inspect the secret build Dimona reactor
1960s Declassified documents

Did Israel steal bomb-grade uranium from the United States?

The evidence available for our 2010 Bulletin article persuaded us that Israel did steal uranium from the Apollo, Pennsylvania, plant of the Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation (NUMEC). We urged the US government to declassify CIA and FBI documents to settle the matter.
1960s How Shimon Peres Outwitted the U.S. to Bring Nukes to Israel Renowned for his decades-long quest for peace in the Middle East, Shimon Peres’s greatest triumph was his cunning and successful plan to bring nuclear weapons to Israel.
1960s West Germany 'secretly funded Israel's nuclear bomb', despite Israel denials
Former chancellor Konrad Adenauer has long been accused of secretly channeling hundreds of millions of dollars into the Israeli nuclear program in the 1960s
1960s Don't Like That Israel Has the Bomb? Blame Nixon. By now, Israel's nuclear weapons are the world's worst-kept secret, universally accepted as well-established fact, and yet Washington still respects Israel's ...
1960s Newly Declassified Documents Reveal How U.S. Agreed to Israel's Nuclear Program
[Israeli source] -- Documents reveal contacts between Washington and Jerusalem in late 1960s, when some Americans believed the nuclear option would not deter Arab leaders but would trigger an atom bomb race.
1960s How Washington helped create Israel's secret nuclear arsenal In the 1960s the US was far from blindly supporting Israeli interests in the Middle East.
1960s How Canada exposed Israel's secret nukes with help from a Mennonite Canadians helped uncover Israel's secret nuclear weapons program, newly discovered papers from the mid-1960s have revealed, with a key role being played ...
1960s Britain gave Israel plutonium, files show Britain secretly supplied Israel with plutonium during the 1960s despite a ... from military intelligence that it could help the Israelis to develop a nuclear bomb, ... of uranium, lithium, beryllium and tritium, as well as heavy water.
1960s France have sent Norwegian heavy water to Dimona secretly. A high official of the French atomic energy agency went to the atomic research center at Saclay, picked up a few metric tons of heavy water in barrels, hauled them back to his Paris office in three small trucks, and unloaded the barrels in the underground garage.
1960s Secret CIA/FBI files of NUMEC nuclear diversions to Israel could aid $170 million toxic cleanup Recently declassified wiretap transcripts of conversations between Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation (NUMEC) founder Zalman Shapiro and venture capitalist David Lowenthal reveal that illegal storage practices led to a dangerous nuclear spill. [see also NUMEC  declassification in 2016]
1960s The US Discovery of Israel's Secret Nuclear Project The U.S. government first learned of Israel's secret nuclear program at Dimona from an American corporate official talking to U.S. diplomats in Tel Aviv during mid-summer 1960.
1959 Israelis pledge to Norway to receive heavy water Israelis made three pledges when it imported the 20t in 1959: to restrict the water to peaceful use, to retransfer it only with permission, and to allow inspection of any facility where it was used.
1958 Britain sold heavy water to Israelis [Israeli source] -- According to the report, based on documents from Britain's national archives, Israel bought, in 1958, 20 tons of heavy water from Britain for GBP 1.5 million.
1957 Israeli nuclear effort began in earnest in 1957 The Israeli nuclear effort began in earnest in 1957. Israel’s alliance with France produced what essentially was a joint venture in nuclear development that gave Israel three of the five ingredients it needed for nuclear weapons: a small research reactor, a factory to extract plutonium from the reactor’s spent fuel, and nuclear weapon design information.