Poland's ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party has introduced a series of judiciary reforms that critics, including the European Union's executive, say may harm the independence of the courts.
Those included legislation giving the justice minister the power to hire and fire the heads of courts of general jurisdiction. These judges coordinate the court's works and execute administrative duties.
Under those new rules, judges Mariusz Broda and Alina Bojara were removed from their posts as vice-presidents of the Kielce Regional Court before their six-year term of office ended without being given an explanation or the possibility to appeal.
It ruled that Poland should pay each applicant 20,000 euros in damages. Both sides have three months to appeal.
The justice ministry said it was analysing the verdict and would comment soon.
"We respect the court but we are implementing our programmes, including the reform of the justice system, in line with our schedule," Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki told a news conference.
In May, the ECHR ruled that a Polish company had been denied its right to a proper hearing due to the illegal appointment of a Constitutional Court judge, opening the way for challenges to Poland's top court. read more